Some consider it a subspecies of the Eastern Balsam Poplar, hence, Populus balsamifera supsp. Some species, such as the Fremont and narrowleaf cottonwoods, live up to 150 years. Cottonwoods (Populus deltoids) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States. • Occurs with whiplash and yellow willow. Balsam is a term for various plant saps with a pleasing odor. It is fast growing and moderately long-lived. trichocarpa: hairy fruited; from the Greek thrix, a hair, and karpos, fruit. Washington DC 20250-1103, Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices, Native Plant Material Accomplishment Reports, Fading Gold: The Decline of Aspen in the West, Wildflowers, Part of the Pagentry of Fall Colors, Tall Forb Community of the Intermountain West, Strategic Planning, Budget And Accountability, Recreation, Heritage And Volunteer Resources, Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air And Rare Plants. Black Cottonwood (Populus balsamifera ssp. Photo by Linda Swartz. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. A cottonwood in Willamette Mission State Park near Salem, Oregon, holds the national and world records. Pricing/Availability: Cottonwood is generally regarded as low-value wood, and isn’t commonly harvested or available as lumber—though it can usually be found throughout its natural range for utility purposes. Black cottonwood series NVCS (2009) Populus balsamifera ssp. Poplar, Cottonwood, and Aspen: What’s What? Though not as showy as the leaves of their famous (but less common) relative, the quaking aspen, the leaves turn a beautiful yellow in autumn. Range Comments. It grows in an upright form to a height of 100 feet, with active growth during the spring and summer. floodplains. Black cottonwood catkins. The tree, a member of the Salicaceae (willow family) can reach to 100 feet tall, and achieve a 6 foot trunk diameter. Raised on the family-owned Cottonwood Ranch in Front Royal, Virginia, our local Black Angus cattle is grass-fed beef northern Virginia and have free range over the pasture. trichocarpa is a large cottonwood tree of the western United States. • Grows well on moist fertile to dry sterile coarse soils that are flooded, i.e. Wood has a tendency to warp and distort during drying. The flowers are grouped into catkins from 1½ to 3 inches long; the trees are dioecious, meaning that ‘male’ and ‘female’ flowers are borne on separate trees. During spring and summer, the light green leaves of the tall trees often indicate a source of water in the deserts the Great Basin or Modoc Plateau. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. The trembling aspen may occassionally be confused with the black cottonwood, but the much smaller leaves and long leaf stalk of the aspen make it easy to distinguish from the larger and stalkier cottonwood. Read on for more cottonwood tree facts. Populus balsamifera ssp. This attractive tree, which grows from 50 to 75 feet tall, is found throughout the Great Plains in locations with moist, low ground. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. Populus is the Latin name for poplar; balsamifera (“balsam-bearing”) refers to the resinous substance in the buds of the tree, thought to resemble balsam. Largest of all North American cottonwoods. teton range of grand teton national park in the u.s. state of wyoming - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images ... under a black cottonwood tree, populus balsamifera, on the edge of wood lake, british columbia, canada - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Workability: Easy to work with hand and machine tools, though sharp cutters are necessary when planing to avoid fuzzy surfaces, (subsequent fine-sanding may be necessary to obtain a smooth surface). The Range of Eastern Cottonwood (U.S. Geological Survey/Wikimedia Commons) Eastern cottonwood grows along streams and on bottomlands from southern Quebec westward into North Dakota and southwestern Manitoba, south to central Texas, and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia. Year-round . Catkins appear before the leaves in … Sapwood is a pale yellow to nearly white, and isn’t clearly demarcated, tending to gradually blend into the heartwood. The 1,890 sq. Black cottonwood tree buds contain the sticky resin that is responsible for the healing properties of Balm of Gilead. Black cottonwood exhibits considerable variation throughout its range. 15036 Black Cottonwood , La Pine, OR 97739-9419 is currently not for sale. Flowers are yellow and bloom in … Buds are sticky with resin and are fragrant. This tree can grow to be about 40 metres tall, with triangular or heart-shaped leaves. This plant has no children Legal Status. Black cottonwood - Populus trichocarpa Native Range Border Related Maps. bears. Black cottonwood, also known as black poplar, is a native deciduous tree that can grow up to 150 ft tall. Odor: Has a sour odor when green, which disappears once the wood is dry. (up to two metres per year). Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The trunk becomes grey and has deep grooves when it gets older. Comments: So named for its cotton-like strands that accompany the tree’s seeds in the spring. Cottonwoods have a gently spreading shape, with a canopy width that ranges from 25 feet for the black cottonwood to about 50 feet for the Fremont cottonwood. USDA PLANTS Database. Black cottonwoods. southcentral alaska. The lanceleaf cottonwood (Populus acuminata), hardy in … tricocarpa. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). These tall straight trees are found all the way from Alaska, through British Columbia, to Oregon, and California. In keeping with our desire to provide meat that is free of unnatural substances, the cattle are not injected with hormones, antibiotics or … The trees are fast-growing taking 30-75 years to reach maturity. Photo by Susan McDougal. ... At this height the trunk is supple and the branches can be bent over to bring the buds within easy picking range. The range of black cottonwood extends northeast from Kodiak Island along Cook Inlet to latitude 62° 30° N., then southeast in southeast Alaska and British Columbia to the forested areas of Washington and Oregon, to the mountains in southern California and northern Baja California (lat. The leaf blades are oval to heart-shaped, with a point on the end; the petioles are 1-2 in. Cottonwoods are fast-growing trees, adding about 3 feet to their height each year. Learn to harvest the buds and use them to make Balm of Gilead oil. Trunk diameters from 2 to 5 feet. Black Cottonwood is the largest hardwood tree in western North America. Carving blocks or burl blanks are sometimes available for hobbyist purposes. The resin is used in medicine and perfume. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. Mailstop Code: 1103 Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight to slightly irregular or interlocked. long; look for the pair of glands where the petiole joins the blade. Does not split easily, and has poor nail-holding capability. ... Black Cottonwood — Populus balsamifera. black bears in anchorage, alaska. Glues and finishes well. Tree Size: 80-150 ft (25-45 m) tall, 5-6 ft (1.5-2.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 24 lbs/ft3 (385 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .31, .38, Modulus of Rupture: 8,500 lbf/in2 (58.6 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,270,000 lbf/in2 (8.76 GPa), Crushing Strength: 4,500 lbf/in2 (31.0 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 3.6%, Tangential: 8.6%, Volumetric: 12.4%, T/R Ratio: 2.4. sow bear looks out of her winter hibernation hole high up in a broken off cottonwood tree and watches a raven that is squawking nearby. Balsam poplar and black cottonwood hybridize and produce frequently mixed populations where both taxa are sympatric or even where they are separated by rather large distances. This hybridization may be considered intraspecific (see balsam poplar). Uniform medium texture with low natural luster. trichocarpa range map. They inhabit riparian areas, especially along streams. balsamifera. The range of black cottonwood extends northeast from Kodiak Island along Cook Inlet to latitude 62° 30° N., then southeast in southeast Alaska and British Columbia to the forested areas of Washington and Oregon, to the mountains in southern California and northern Baja California (lat. They're also long-lived trees, with an average lifespan of at least 40 or 50 years. Populus balsamifera, commonly called balsam poplar, bam, bamtree, eastern balsam-poplar, hackmatack, tacamahac poplar, tacamahaca, is a tree species in the balsam poplar species group in the poplar genus, Populus. This home was built in 2006 and last sold on for. Notes: Bell, D.S. Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) • Very tall tree with narrow, rounded, open to pointed crown, up to 165 feet in height. Plant and Tree Range Distribution Maps; Populus trichocarpa Map ; Populus trichocarpa - Black cottonwood Range Map. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. 31° N.). Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Black Cottonwood. Fast & Free shipping on many items! Diagnostic Characters: The thick, heart-shaped or triangular leaves of Black Cottonwood grow from 2 to 6 inches (5-15m) long, sometimes larger. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. Responds poorly to steam bending. US Forest Service, FM-RM-VE Balsam poplar and black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) have hybridized and produced mixed populations. They rarely get older than 200 years and are the fastest growing tree in B.C. It is known as a good light wood. trichocarpa) (2,37). AK to NL south to CA, WY and WI (Lesica 2012. The Plains cottonwood (Populus sargentii) has long been prized in the Great Plains states, where it was often the earliest and tallest tree to grow at the time of Western settlement. Although the flowers are inconspicuous,this species is well known for its fuzzy fruits, which during spring and early summer float down from the trees, creating the appearance of a light warm-season snowfall. ft. single-family home is a 3 bed, 1.0 bath property. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. 2.2 Areas Used for Comparison of Remnant Black Cottonwood Stands Three areas within 20 km of the WMA were chosen as reference points to understand some of the physical processes that generate and maintain cottonwood stands in the dry interior of BC (Figure 2.2). Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Leaves: The leaves of a black cottonwood tree grow alternately in a pale green shade, with a … Black cottonwood grows from sea level to 600 in (2,000 ft) on the Kenai Peninsula of Alaska and up to 1500 in (5,000 ft) in the Cascade Range of Washington (23). In British Columbia, the elevation range extends to nearly 2100 m (7,000 ft) in the interior valleys of the Selkirk Range. This review covers black cottonwood communities in Alaska. The range of black cottonwood extends from Alaska, including various islands, through coastal regions of western Canada (Yukon, British Columbia, and Alberta) into the northwestern US (Washington, Oregon, Montana, Idaho, and Nevada; rare in North Dakota, Wyoming, Utah, and California) and as far south as Baja California Norte. Get the best deals on Cottonwood Bark and find everything you'll need to make your crafting ideas come to life with eBay.com. Next Up. Montana Range. The balsam used by churches is often derived from another subspecies, P. balsamifera ssp. The following points should help you to identify a black cottonwood. Cottonwood requires full sun and a moist soil, although it is somewhat drought tolerant once established. Last measured in April, 2008, this black cottonwood was found to be standing at 155 ft (47 m) tall, 29 ft (8.8 m) around, with 527 points. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. It is often planted in the gorge as a windbreak or shelterwood for agricultural crops. The Spanish name for cottonwoods is “álamo,” leading the conclusion that the proper Spanish name for this tree is “álamo negro.” This name has lent itself to some famous places in America, such as the Alamo in San Antonio, site of a famous battle for Texan independence, as well as Los Alamos, New Mexico, site of American nuclear laboratories. Common names are from state and federal lists. The north-south distribution extends from latitude 28 N. to 46 N. Pricing/Availability: Cottonwood is generally regarded as low-value wood, and isn’t commonly harvested or available as lumber—though it can usually be found throughout its natural range for utility purposes. Ref… The black cottonwood is a tall tree that produces low-grade timber More commonly found in Europe and Asia, the black cottonwood also grows on the western coast of the US. 31° N.). spring. Populus balsamifera ssp. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light brown. The range of black cottonwood extends from Alaska, south through Yukon, British Columbia, and Alberta, the western, conterminous United States, and into Baja California Norte [ 7, 19, 20 ]. Trichocarpa means “hairy-fruited,” referring to the cottony fluff that helps disperse the minute seeds for long distances. It is normally fairly short-lived, but some trees may live up to 400 years. BRIT Press. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable, and also susceptible to insect attack. Photo by Charles Webber, California Academy of Science. Because of this intermixing, black cottonwood has been suggested as a subspecies (i.e., Populus balsamifera subsp. trichocarpa is a large cottonwood tree of the western United States. Prices are low for a domestic hardwood. The first (a) was located on the Whispering Pines Indian Band reserve on the Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Native range from southern Alaska to southern California, east to the Rocky Mountains. The name of another New Mexican town, Alamogordo, means “the fat cottonwood tree.”. Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) — grows from California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). The wood is also used for fuel. The undersurface of the leaves is pale, often stained with blotches of brown. By Forest Jay Gauna Populus balsamifera ssp. The black cottonwood tree may grow a bit slower. It is a large tree, growing to a height of 30 to 50 m (98 to 164 ft) and a trunk diameter over 2 m (6.6 ft), which makes it the largest poplar species in the Americas. Montana Natural Heritage Program. This species is the tallest and largest of the three cottonwoods, and can reach up to 150 feet in height. trichocarpa temporarily flooded forest alliance, Populus balsamifera ssp. trichocarpa) is a native tree that grows in northern, southern and central California. Look to Native Species When Plotting Out Your Garden. Montana Field Guide. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; solitary and radial multiples; medium pores in no specific arrangement, moderately numerous to numerous; parenchyma marginal; narrow rays, spacing fairly close. Carving blocks or burl blanks are sometimes available for hobbyist purposes. Native Americans and herbal products companies use the resin for medicinal purposes as well, particularly for respiratory ailments. Brayshaw – black cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. The resin is the sap from the tree. Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for the United States; Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Economic uses of the black cottonwood include course lumber and the manufacture of wood products such as paper. They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. The tree, a member of the Salicaceae (willow family) can reach to 100 feet tall, and achieve a 6 foot trunk diameter. Black cottonwood (Populus balsamifera) — grows west of the Rocky Mountains. Medicines and perfumes were made from balsam in Europe, and it plays a role in Christian rituals. Stands reach up into the lower subalpine zone in many areas on the east side of the range, but they are usually smaller than 1 ha. Click on a place name to … Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Map Legend. Common Uses: Boxes/crates, veneer, plywood, and various utility purposes. 1400 Independence Ave., SW Here in Washington, it’s also known as pisswood by those unwise enough to burn it. 1990. It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. - black cottonwood stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Black cottonwood. Click on a place name to … black cottonwood series NVCS ( 2009 ) Populus balsamifera subsp belonging to Rocky! Is often planted in the spring although it is normally fairly short-lived, but some trees may live up 400... With an average lifespan of at least 40 or 50 years tendency to warp and distort during drying buds use... Named black cottonwood range its cotton-like strands that accompany the tree ’ s seeds in the interior valleys of the is... With active growth during the spring gradually blend into the Heartwood North America, Alamogordo, means “ the cottonwood. 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Rated as non-durable, and Aspen: What ’ s also known as pisswood those. Belonging to the Rocky Mountains during drying height of 100 feet, with active during!