If you want a set diet/meal plan to follow – including the shopping list – then please see my 14-Day Meal Plan for Hypothyroidism and Weight Loss. That means eating more nuts, vegetables, and seafood, and only using supplements if natural foods are not an option. Seafood is also iodine-rich as marine animals can concentrate iodine from seawater. If you don’t have symptoms to gluten and don’t feel any different on a gluten-free diet, then it’s likely not a problem. The big exception to this rule is if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Our thyroid plays a huge role in metabolism. Summary Alongside insulin and cortisol, thyroid hormones are a driving factor behind metabolic rate and weight management. Raw cabbage was very problematic in rats when it made up a whopping 33% of their diet (11). When this process is thrown off, it can cause hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid). “To eat a healthy diet in general is going to support a healthy thyroid.” Instead of concentrating on a few specific foods, your diet should mostly consist of whole grains, low-fat dairy, fruits and vegetables and lean protein, she added. If you want a set exercise plan to follow, specifically for those with an underactive thyroid and low energy levels as it is, check out my Thyroid Time Machine program which will get you into ship-shape. For those hypersensitive to gluten, it is thought their immune system can confuse components of gluten with thyroid tissue. All content is written by qualified dietitians and is completely independent, with no sponsors or affiliations to industry. Especially if you have Hashimoto’s, you must stay away from gluten. Too much fiber: Fiber is good to keep us regular, but not in the case of those with hypothyroidism. That means eating plenty of whole foods that you enjoy, increasing protein intake, cutting down on junk food products, and being more active where possible. Most people in the U.S. get enough of this element from their diet, usually through fish and dairy products. To help you get started I’ve created a 6-step guide on how to lose weight with an underactive thyroid, which you can see here. Summary: The thyroid gland is fundamental to many metabolic processes. So desiccated thyroid has its place as an alternate treatment, but it’s certainly not better than conventional. Just as our body requires nutrients for it to function properly, so does the thyroid. If you have thyroid problems, the foods you eat can affect how your feel. Foods to Eat for an Underactive Thyroid Diet Fish: Fish is a good source of selenium which helps decrease inflammation and is most concentrated in the thyroid. Summary: Studies show desiccated thyroid supplements have no benefit over conventional LT4 treatment, and pose more risks. For that reason, a deficiency in iodine can lead to an underactive thyroid. Home » Hypothyroidism » The Best Diet For An Underactive Thyroid: Splitting Fact From Fiction, By Joe Leech, Dietitian (MSc Nutrition & Dietetics). Hypothyroidism Diet Foods To Eat 1. A diet high in protein, which helps to curb appetite and keep you feeling full. There seems to be a strong link between Hashimoto’s and non-celiac gluten sensitivity. Conventional treatment for an underactive thyroid is with the hormone levothyroxine (LT4 or Synthroid). Following a hyperthyroidism diet can help treat an underactive thyroid and manage symptoms to get your body back on track. Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis (an autoimmune disease) is by far the most common form of hypothyroidism in the Western world. Iodine-rich foods may aid in symptoms associated with hypothyroidism and assist your metabolism. Americans had a median level of 160 microgram/L in 2003-2004 (4), while Australians were at 124 microgram/L in 2011-2012. The diet for hypothyroidism is a lifestyle change that needs to be done step by step. Supplemental selenium is not warranted and can have side effects, Cruciferous vegetables as part of an underactive thyroid diet, Limit or eliminate gluten for a hypothyroid diet. Coconut Oil. When diagnosed with anunderactive thyroid, there are alternative options to consider to improve your function and alleviate the side effects of a reduced thyroid. Filed Under: Diet & Nutrition, Nutrition, Thyroid Health Tagged With: dairy, gluten, goitrogens, grains, hypothyroid, hypothyroidism, soy, sugar, thyroid, Underactive Thyroid Diet, what not to eat Some of the links in this post are affiliate links, which means that I may receive a commission if you purchase something mentioned in this post. Study the research objectively (without bias). What is an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)? Fatty food: Fatty foods may interrupt the absorption of thyroid medications. Underactive thyroid, or hypothyroidism, is a condition that commonly affects women in their 40s and 50s. If you have concerns about your thyroid, but haven’t gotten it checked out yet, this is a list of the symptoms you may be experiencing: These symptoms, although part of hypothyroidism, are also quite common among other illnesses. A cup of cooked white beans serves up 8mg of iron —a mineral that many people, especially premenopausal women, have trouble getting enough of . Hypothyroidism meal plan: 7 days Salad with grilled shrimp is a recommended lunch on the hypothyroidism meal plan. These particular types of vegetables are called Cruciferous vegetables, and the group contains other foods such as cauliflower and Kale. As the name implies, this should be made ahead of time in large batches. Substantial drops in TPO levels are possible just from removing gluten. Rates are on the rise, as are those selling thyroid supplements and giving inaccurate dietary advice. However, this is one for discussion with your doctor. The main reason is, it can initiate thyroid antibody production. Joe Leech is a university-qualified dietitian from Australia. Iodine is an essential trace element that all living organisms need. Most developed nations are also well above the deficiency level, which is why iodine-related hypothyroidism is so uncommon. Any food when you take LT4 medication as this can inhibit absorption. It’s fair to say the risks outweigh the benefits at this stage. One of the highest dietary sources of selenium. An underactive thyroid (hypothyroid in a medical context) refers to when the gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone. Summary: As iodine is required for thyroid hormone production, ensure your diet contains foods naturally rich in iodine (but if you have Hashimoto’s then check first with your doctor). A diet rich in antioxidants is a must for hypothyroidism. Weigh up the social aspect vs the health aspect and go from there. Avoid gluten. Note this process isn’t mandatory in the US, but more than half of all salt sold there does contain added iodine (5, 6). Selenium supplements unless under the guidance of your doctor. A small study in 10 subjects showed that 150 g (5 oz)  per day of cooked brussels sprouts for four weeks straight had no negative effects on thyroid function (13). If you're feeling sluggish, the first place you probably go is your coffee … Therefore, if you have an underactive thyroid it’s important to get tested for celiac disease first thing. This 3-minute TED-Ed animation is great if you want a bit more detail. 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