1 mole of NaCl = 23 + 35.5 g = 58.5 grams per mole. You’ve been told you need to lighten up on the salt shaker and watch your sodium. Sodium amide is a strong base. 750 miligrams of sodium in salt is about 0.3281 teaspoons. You may know salt best as the white crystals that bring out the flavor in your roasted potatoes. Sodium is 23/58.5 x 100% = 39.3% of salt is sodium. Some well-known derivatives include sodium cyclopentadienide (NaC5H5) and trityl sodium ((C6H5)3CNa). An exception is sodium bismuthate (NaBiO3).  For example, 15-crown-5 has a high affinity for sodium because the cavity size of 15-crown-5 is 1.7–2.2 Å, which is enough to fit the sodium ion (1.9 Å). Sodium chloride is extensively used for anti-icing and de-icing and as a preservative; examples of the uses of sodium bicarbonate include baking, as a raising agent, and sodablasting.  This method is less expensive than the previous Castner process (the electrolysis of sodium hydroxide). “Salt substitutes can be a healthy alternative for some people because potassium is an important mineral that helps lower blood pressure,” says dietitian Maxine Smith, RD, LD. , Sodium forms alloys with many metals, such as potassium, calcium, lead, and the group 11 and 12 elements. Group 12 metals (zinc, cadmium and mercury) are known to make alloys with sodium.  Sodium's estimated oceanic abundance is 1.08×104 milligrams per liter. , Liquid sodium is used as a heat transfer fluid in some types of nuclear reactors because it has the high thermal conductivity and low neutron absorption cross section required to achieve a high neutron flux in the reactor. The kicker is, you only need about 200 milligrams of sodium a day for normal body functions, and most Americans consume closer to 3,400 milligrams. As calcium is less electropositive than sodium, no calcium will be deposited at the cathode. Even if certain food or drink does not contain any salt, sodium can be present in these. Sodium and mercury form NaHg, NaHg4, NaHg2, Na3Hg2, and Na3Hg. Sodium is most commonly eaten as a component of table salt, which is only partly sodium.  Metal fires are Class D, but not all Class D extinguishers are workable with sodium. , In C4 plants, sodium is a micronutrient that aids metabolism, specifically in regeneration of phosphoenolpyruvate and synthesis of chlorophyll. This appears as an absorption line in many types of stars, including the Sun. While sodium is a component of salt, they are not one in the same. One is to melt them together and another is to deposit sodium electrolytically on molten lead cathodes. , Metallic sodium is used mainly for the production of sodium borohydride, sodium azide, indigo, and triphenylphosphine. Humphry Davy (1809) "Ueber einige neue Erscheinungen chemischer Veränderungen, welche durch die Electricität bewirkt werden; insbesondere über die Zersetzung der feuerbeständigen Alkalien, die Darstellung der neuen Körper, welche ihre Basen ausmachen, und die Natur der Alkalien überhaupt" (On some new phenomena of chemical changes that are achieved by electricity; particularly the decomposition of flame-resistant alkalis [i.e., alkalies that cannot be reduced to their base metals by flames], the preparation of new substances that constitute their [metallic] bases, and the nature of alkalies generally), sixth most abundant element in the Earth's crust, "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)", Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, "Determination of Sodium with Ion-Selective Electrodes", "On some new phenomena of chemical changes produced by electricity, particularly the decomposition of the fixed alkalies, and the exhibition of the new substances which constitute their bases; and on the general nature of alkaline bodies", "Chemische Analyse durch Spectralbeobachtungen", "How surface composition and meteoroid impacts mediate sodium and potassium in the lunar exosphere", 10.1002/0471238961.1915040912051311.a01.pub3, "Los Alamos National Laboratory – Sodium", American Society for Testing and Materials, "Laser Development for Sodium Laser Guide Stars at ESO", "Über das Zustandsdiagramm der Kalium-Natriumlegierungen", "Sodium and Potassium Quick Health Facts", U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, "Impact of dietary and lifestyle factors on the prevalence of hypertension in Western populations", "Global burden of blood-pressure-related disease, 2001", "Use the Nutrition Facts Label to Reduce Your Intake of Sodium in Your Diet", "Manganese Nutrition and Photosynthesis in NAD-malic enzyme C4 plants PhD dissertation", Hazard Rating Information for NFPA Fire Diamonds, http://terpconnect.umd.edu/~pbs/2013-An-et-al-FSJ.pdf, Etymology of "natrium" – source of symbol Na, The Wooden Periodic Table Table's Entry on Sodium, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sodium&oldid=995044991, Biology and pharmacology of chemical elements, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 22:51. , In humans, sodium is an essential mineral that regulates blood volume, blood pressure, osmotic equilibrium and pH. 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